Orthopedic Surgeons: Who Are They and What Do They Do?

Orthopedic surgeons are medical specialists who focus on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of conditions and injuries related to the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system includes bones, muscles, joints, ligaments, tendons, and other connective tissues that provide structure, support, and movement to the body. Orthopedic surgeon Dubai plays a crucial role in helping patients of all ages maintain optimal musculoskeletal health and regain function after injuries. Let’s take a closer look at who orthopedic surgeons are and what they do.

Education and training:

Orthopedic surgeons undergo extensive education and training to become experts in their field. After completing a bachelor’s degree, they must attend medical school, where they earn a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree. Following medical school, aspiring orthopedic surgeons typically complete a five-year orthopedic surgery residency program. During this residency, they receive specialized training in various aspects of orthopedic surgery, including trauma, sports medicine, joint replacement, pediatric orthopedics, and spine surgery.

Sub-specialties in orthopedic surgery:

Orthopedic surgery is a diverse field with various sub-specialties. Some orthopedic surgeons choose to focus on specific areas of expertise, depending on their interests and passion. Common sub-specialties within orthopedic surgery include:

Sports medicine: These orthopedic surgeons specialize in the treatment of sports-related injuries, such as torn ligaments, fractures, and dislocations, in athletes of all levels.

Joint replacement: Orthopedic surgeons in this sub-specialty focus on performing joint replacement surgeries, primarily for hips, knees, and shoulders, to alleviate pain and improve mobility in patients with severe joint conditions.

Pediatric orthopedics: Pediatric orthopedic surgeons specialize in treating musculoskeletal conditions in children, including congenital deformities, growth plate injuries, and scoliosis.

Hand and upper extremity: Surgeons in this sub-specialty focus on treating conditions and injuries affecting the hand, wrist, elbow, and shoulder.

Spine surgery: Spine surgeons specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of spinal disorders, including herniated discs, spinal deformities, and spinal stenosis.

Bursitis and tendonitis:

Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and non-surgical methods to treat these conditions. Non-surgical treatments may involve physical therapy, medication, bracing, and other conservative approaches. When surgery is necessary, orthopedic surgeons utilize advanced techniques and technologies to perform procedures ranging from arthroscopic surgeries (minimally invasive) to complex joint replacements and spinal fusions.